OrbitoAsia Diagnostics

ABO Rh Typing & Blood Group Test


Your blood group is determined by the ABO system. This system determines your blood group for blood transfusion and organ donation. The ABO system works by determining whether there is a specific antigen (A, B) present on the surface (RBC) of your blood. If there is no antigen (O), then your body will produce antibodies against it (anti-A, anti-B). In addition, your blood will also be tested to see if there is a protein present on the surface called Rh factor. 

There are four main blood types according to the ABO system:

  • Type A
  • Type B
  • Type AB 
  • Type O

Rhesus factor (rh) is a protein/antigen on the surface of the red blood cells (RBCs). When the protein is present, the blood type is Rh positive and when it is absent, it is Rh negative. Rh is also inherited from both parents. A baby can inherit the protein from either parent. A Rh positive blood group is more frequent than a Rh negative blood group.

A Rh negative blood type may not have an impact on a person’s overall health, but it can have an impact on pregnancy. If an expecting mother is Rh negative and a baby is Rh positive, there is a risk of Rh incompatibility. Therefore, it is important to consult the doctor as soon as possible.

Frequently Asked Questions

The ABO and Rh typing test is conducted to determine an individual's blood group, essential for safe blood transfusions. Knowing the blood group helps ensure compatibility between donor and recipient blood, minimizing the risk of adverse reactions during transfusions.

The ABO and Rh typing test determines an individual's blood group based on the presence or absence of antigens A, B, and Rh factor on the surface of red blood cells, crucial for safe blood transfusions.

During the blood group ABO & Rh typing test, a small sample of blood is drawn from a vein, typically in the arm. The sample is then tested in a laboratory to determine the presence or absence of specific antigens on the red blood cells.

If ABO and Rh typing results show antigens present, it indicates the individual's blood group. Absence of antigens suggests a different blood group or Rh factor, which affects compatibility for blood transfusions, guiding medical decisions for safe transfusion practices.

Rh incompatibility between a mother and fetus can be serious. If the mother is Rh-negative and the fetus is Rh-positive, it can lead to hemolytic disease of the newborn, where maternal antibodies attack fetal red blood cells, potentially causing severe anemia and other complications.

Why OrbitoAsia Diagnostics?

Orbito Asia Labs and Scans is a comprehensive healthcare imaging and diagnostic facility under one roof. It prides itself on providing the most advanced infrastructure, the best possible medical facilities, the most competitive prices, and thorough individualised attention so that the customer can have diagnostic tests performed in the most efficient and cost-effective manner at a single location by our experienced and certified physicians and friendly staff.

We are committed to providing our clients with ultimate diagnostic services with accurate results, high-quality imaging, and comprehensive health check-up services with comprehensive care, courtesy, and compassion for our clients. Orbito Asia provides diagnostic solutions that improve patient health and ensure consumer safety.